From slave trade money to symbol of freedom.
Slave bracelets are bangles in copper, silver or gold, that have been worn for centuries around the world, usually several at the same time because besides being beautiful and having a lovely clinging sound when you move, they also are a symbol of wealth and status.
This is quite ironic, considering the story behind the origin of the slave bracelets.
West African Slave bangles
As you may imagine because of its name, of course, the use of these bangles is closely linked to the trade of slaves to the Americas. Women in the West African coast used to wear the horseshoe-shaped bangles in copper, that they called “manillas”, usually embellished with balls on each end. The Portuguese slave merchants began producing these bangles to use them as a form of currency, which became known as “slave trade money”. Europeans brought the slave bracelets they produced to Africa, to purchase the captive people they would then take to live and work as slaves in the Americas and Europe too. The West Africans, on the other hand, used the slave bangles to buy food or pay for the "bride money" or burials.
With abolition, the British prohibited the slave trade money, which was a reminder of the terrible times of slavery. They introduced the British West African currency to replace the bangles and melted most of the slave bracelets to turn them into useful things. The Africans who had been captured by their fellows and sold to Europeans in exchange of slave bracelets, once free and prospering, started buying bangles to give to their loved ones on special occasions such as baptisms, engagements and weddings as a reminder that they were never to be sold again. So, it was a symbol of something even more valuable than their acquired wealth; their freedom!
Indian Slave Bangles
Slave bracelets have been popular in India too, where they also call them “hand flower”. The Indian slave bracelet has some chains attached to it on one end and on the other, one to five rings that go on each finger. It is a hand-ornament more than only a bracelet, and the hand-flower is a typical bridal jewellery, representing the bonds of marriage and the wealth of the family. But these slave bracelets are also known in India as belly dancer bracelets or harem bracelets, pointing out the slave-condition of women in harems.
The Caribbean and Latin American Slave Bangles
The slave bracelets came with the Indian migration to the Caribbean, and then to South America. It became a custom to give newborn girls and boys gold or silver bangles that they would wear until they outgrew them, and adult women also wore several bangles to show their husband's wealth. Bangles are still quite fashionable in several countries.
Should we keep calling them Slave Bangles?
Personally, I would much rather call them Freedom Bangles or Love Bangles instead. I think they’re now a reminder that one should never be traded for money or be taken as a property. When you give one of these bracelets to your child or your loved one, it says that it is your love (and not ownership) that will keep you eternally linked to them.